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2nd Space Operations Squadron

(Courtesy graphic)

(Courtesy graphic)

The 2nd Space Operations Squadron is a component of the 50th Operations Group, 50th Space Wing, Schriever Air
Force Base, Colorado. The squadron was activated Jan. 30, 1992.

The squadron performs the command and control mission for the Global Positioning System satellite constellation. GPS is the
world's premiere space-based position, navigation and timing system, capable of providing information simultaneously to an
unlimited number of properly equipped users. Continuous GPS availability and unprecedented accuracy has resulted in
widespread integration of the technology; numerous military, commercial and international users have embraced GPS.

The squadron operates the largest Department of Defense spacecraft constellation via the Master Control Station and a
worldwide network of monitor stations and ground antennas. The monitor stations track the satellites' navigation signals
and relay the information to the MCS. The MCS continuously processes this information, determines each satellite's
precise location in space and updates the satellites' navigation messages through the ground antennas. The MCS also
houses a customer interface: the GPS Warfighter Collaboration Cell is a 24/7 user-focused center supporting a wide
variety of military, civilian and commercial users and applications.

The 2 SOPS originated from the 2nd Surveillance Squadron, Air Defense Command, 9th Aerospace Division, Ent AFB,
Colorado. The surveillance squadron, activated Jan. 16, 1962, served as intermediary between various sensor sites
and higher headquarters. The squadron was inactivated Jan. 1, 1967, but in May 1985, Air Force Space Command
requested the activation of 2 SS, re-designated as the 2nd Satellite Control Squadron to command and control
on-orbit GPS satellites. On Oct. 1, 1985, 2 SCS was activated at Falcon Air Force Station, Colorado, the first operating
squadron of the 2nd Space Wing. On Jan. 30, 1992, as part of Air Force reorganization, the 2 SCS became 2 SOPS
and was reassigned to the 50th Operations Group. On June 18, 2004, the GPS Operations Center, now GPS Warfighter
Collaboration Cell, was established. In late 2005, several National Geospatial Agency monitor stations were integrated
into the network to improve navigation accuracy and signal monitoring.

(Current as of January 2020)