The 3rd Space Operations Squadron is a component of Delta 9, headquartered at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado.
The mission of 3rd SOPS is to ensure reliable space-borne communications to national authorities, U.S. and Allied forces. The mission is
accomplished by conducting on-orbit operations for the Defense Satellite Communications System III and Wideband Global SATCOM
satellites for the Department of Defense. DSCS III and WGS provide secure high-rate data communications links to the President,
Secretary of Defense, theater commanders and strategic and tactical forces worldwide.
The squadron was first activated June 10, 1941, as the 3rd Photographic Squadron. During the first half of World War II, the squadron
conducted airborne mapping operations of the U.S., West Indies, South America, Canada and the famous "Hump" region in Asia. On
May 19, 1944, the unit was re-designated the 3rd Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron and began training for aerial reconnaissance
operations using highly modified B-29 Superfortress.
On Oct. 31, 1944, a 3rd PRS F-13 became the first American aircraft over Tokyo since the famed Doolittle Raid in 1942. By the end of the
war, 3rd PRS had flown 460 combat missions mainly over Japan.
In 1985, the initial cadre of Air Force NATO III and DSCS II satellite operators received training at Sunnyvale Air Force Station, California.
These personnel relocated to Falcon AFS, Colo., in 1987 and became Operating Location-AB, Consolidated Space Test Center. These
men and women became the nucleus of what would eventually become 3rd SOPS. On Aug. 2, 1988, OL-AB began 24-hour operations at
Falcon AFS. By May 1989, OL-AB was conducting station-keeping maneuvers on NATO III and DSCS II satellites. On Feb. 2, 1990,
OL-AB was inactivated with the personnel and mission transferring to the newly activated 3rd Satellite Control Squadron.
In November 1990, the 3rd SCS was directed to relocate a DSCS II from over the Pacific to a position over the Indian Ocean in support
of Operation Desert Shield. The series of relocation maneuvers was completed in December 1990, and the satellite was then configured
for operational use. Combat crews saved a failing Fleet Satellite Communications spacecraft -- a Navy communications satellite --
just as Operation Desert Storm commenced, ensuring the U.S. Navy's two carrier groups had command and control of their aircraft.
On July 11, 1991, in a formal operations turnover ceremony, the squadron accepted complete operational mission transfer
of all assigned satellite programs. This transfer officially established operational control of the assigned DOD communications
satellites to Air Force Space Command.
On Jan. 30, 1992, as part of a reorganization at Falcon AFB, the 3rd SCS was re-designated 3rd SOPS and reassigned to the
50th Operations Group.
On March 25, 1993, the first Ultra High Frequency Follow-On was launched. Unfortunately, due to an Atlas II rocket booster
malfunction, the satellite was placed in the wrong orbit. During the next several weeks, 3rd SOPS personnel planned and
executed a series of 25 maneuvers to move the satellite to a super-synchronous orbit. The commander of AFSPC recognized
3rd SOPS for their heroic efforts.
In June 1996, as part of an Air Force and Navy agreement, operations of the FLTSATCOM constellation were turned over
to the Naval Satellite Operations Center at Pt. Mugu, Calif. In December 1996, 3rd SOPS transferred control of the Milstar
constellation to 4th SOPS. On Dec. 18, 1996, 3rd SOPS gained control of five operating locations located in Nebraska, Virginia,
Guam, Italy and Hawaii. The operating locations were responsible for running the Air Force's Satellite Management Centers,
which monitored and controlled user access to Ultra High Frequency communications satellites. As part of the same agreement
that transferred Fleet Satellite Communications, the Space and Missile Systems Center's mission was also transferred to the Navy.
On July 2, 1999, as part of the same agreement that transferred FLTSATCOM to the Navy, operational control of UHF Follow-On
Flights 2-9 transferred to the NSOC or NAVSOC. On Feb. 10, 2000, after several months of on-orbit checkout, 3rd SOPS conducted
its last UHF F/O sortie on Flight 10.
As part of the congressionally mandated Base Realignment and Closure decision on Onizuka AFS, Calif., in 1996, 3rd SOPS assumed
the DSCS III launch mission from 5th SOPS. The last DSCS III launch took place in August 2003.
In May 2008, 3rd SOPS assumed satellite control authority of the first Wideband Global SATCOM system, the DoD's newest and
most robust communications satellite. Each WGS effectively provides 10 times the communications capacity of a DSCS III satellite.
The most recent launch of WGS was in July 2015. The 3rd SOPS took command and control of this vehicle in October 2015. There is
one more WGS launch planned in the coming years.
As part of the U.S. Space Force structure change, as of July 24, 2020, 3rd SOPS is a unit of Delta 9.
(Current as of July 2020)